Surface Crack Detection :

Carried out with ETHER NDE Eddy Current pencil probes or 'pancake' type probes on ferrous on non-ferrous metals. Frequencies from 100 kHz to a few MHz are commonly used. Depending on surface condition it is usually possible to find cracks 0.1 mm or less in depth. Shielded probes, with their focused field, add the ability to test very close to edges or dissimilar materials such as ferrous fasteners in an aluminium structure.
Differential probes are sometimes used, particularly in automated applications, but care must be taken to ensure that the orientation of flaws is correct for detection.




Sub-Surface Crack / Corrosion Detection:


This is primarily used in airframe inspection. By using an Ether NDE Eddy Current low frequency and a suitable probe, eddy currents can penetrate aluminum or similar materials to a depth of 10 mm or so, allowing the detection of second and third layer cracking, which is invisible from the surface, or thinning of any of the different layers making up the structure.
Test frequencies are generally in the range 100 Hz to 10 kHz. Probe size should also be two or more times wider than the depth of penetration required. 

The SG NDT technology is used for fuselage inspections and detection of corrosion. The multiplexing capabilities of the SG NDT instrument allows the use of up to 256 coils. They enable the instrument to inspect larger areas and even highly complex surfaces such as turbine blades efficiently. Corrosion is one of the main concerns of the Aeronautical industry. The S2G2-800 drives adequately the technical attributes to inspect large surfaces in a very short time.



sub surface crack  


PA Inspection of Honeycomb, carbon fiber and glass fiber panels:

For the debonding, porosity, and other structural defects is performed by the ISONIC 3510, ISONIC 2010, and ISONIC 2009 UPA Scope instruments with use of the linear array probes equipped with the solid delay line or the rolling linear array probes with the soft contact surface protector and water-filled delay line. The standard 0-deg linear scan (B-Scan) mode combined with the non-linear acoustic based signal processing provides the cross-sectional coverage and clear imaging for the entire thickness of the material. The line scanning either encoded or time-based provide the volume coverage along the scanning line within entire width of the PA probe..

pa inspection